Infectious microorganisms can cause inflammation in the kidneys, bladder, ureter and urethra. They are very common in children under the age of 5, it is worth noting that girls are more susceptible to them than boys. The prevalence of urinary tract diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms differs depending on the age group of patients:
- newborns and children under one year of age – more common among males;
- 2 to 15 years old is found in most girls.
Cystitis, pyelonephritis, bacteriuria are considered to be the most frequent diseases.
A certain level of urine acidity, its movement along the urethra, followed by elimination, is the proper operation of this mechanism. If one of these is violated, the risk of infection with a urinary tract infection (UTI) increases.
Symptoms and signs of the disease
Frequent urging to the toilet and pain during urination are considered the most common signs. Additional symptoms include:
- urinary incontinence during sleep;
- swelling of the face and limbs;
- pain in the abdomen;
- nausea and vomiting;
- change in color, density and odor of urine;
- the amount of urine is very small;
- severe irritability in a child;
- sleep and appetite disturbances;
- feeling very thirsty.
Also, all the symptoms of urinary tract infection in children are divided according to the age of the patient:
- For children younger than 2 years old, there is a deterioration in appetite, vomiting and intestinal upset, slight yellowing of the skin, and an increase in body temperature. In some cases, sepsis occurs in newborns.
- For children older than 2 years, an increase in the number of urination, pain in the lower abdomen, problems with urine excretion, the unpleasant smell of urine and strong nocturnal enuresis are characteristic. These symptoms can add to fever and pain in the lumbar area.
- In older children, the size of the kidney may increase, the openings in the urethra may change, and the urine stream during breeding may be very weak.